Historical and old photos, pictures and images of Orange, New South Wales

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Historical and old photos of Orange, New South Wales in photos

A small historical reference

Geography: Orange - is a city in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia. It is 254 kilometres (158 mi) west of the state capital, Sydney [206 kilometres (128 mi) on a great circle, at an altitude of 862 metres (2,828 ft). The key employment sectors within the City of Orange local government area include health care and social assistance, retail and the education and training sector.

Date of foundation: 1846

History: In 1822 Captain Percy Simpson marched into the Wellington District and established a convict settlement which was called "Blackman's Swamp" after James Blackman; Simpson had employed James Blackman as a guide because he had already accompanied an earlier explorer, John Oxley into that region.

In the late 1820s, the surveyor J. B. Richards worked on a survey of the Macquarie River below Bathurst and also of the road to Wellington. On a plan dated 1829, he indicated a village reserve, in the parish of Orange. Sir Thomas Mitchell named the parish Orange, as he had been an associate of the Prince of Orange in the Peninsular War, when both were aides-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington, whose title was bestowed on the valley to the west by Oxley.

Initial occupation by British graziers began in late 1829, and tiny settlements eventually turned into larger towns as properties came into connection with the road. In 1844, the surveyor Davidson was sent to check on encroachments onto the land reserved for a village, and to advise on the location for a township. His choices were Frederick's Valley, Pretty Plains, or Blackman's Swamp.

Blackman's Swamp was chosen, and it was proclaimed a village and named Orange by Major Thomas Mitchell in 1846 in honor of Prince William of Orange. At nearby Ophir, a significant gold find in Australia was made in 1851, resulting in a sporadic population movement which is known as the Australian gold rush. Additional gold finds in nearby areas led to the establishment of Orange as a central trading centre for the gold.

The growth of Orange continued as the conditions were well suited for agriculture, and in 1860 it was proclaimed a municipality. The railway from Sydney reached Orange in 1877. In 1946, 100 years after it was first being established as a village, Orange was proclaimed as a minor city.

Population: 40 075

Orange. Bank of New South Wales
Bank of New South Wales, between 1870 and 1875
Orange. Charles Stockwell, Byng Street
Charles Stockwell, innkeeper, and his Commercial Hotel with Royal Mail coach outside, Byng Street
Orange. Court House and Gaol
Court House and Gaol, between 1870 and 1875
Orange. Duntryleague Country Golf Club
Duntryleague Country Golf Club
Orange. Post Office and Land Survey Office
Post Office and Land Survey Office
Orange. Rural Public School
Rural Public School on Kite Street
Orange. Summer Street, Hotel 'Canobolas'
Summer Street, Hotel 'Canobolas'
Orange. Summer Street
Summer Street, Coroner's and County Clerks' Offices, circa 1870s

Robinson Rd, CB 13862 Nassau, NP, The Bahamas
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